Railways could be a mode of transport which may carry sizable amounts of passengers with easy comfort and heavy loads to long distances.Work in the coal mines was growing rapidly during the industrial revolution in the 1880s but they were facing two major problems . First problem is the inefficient transportation system of gold to different parts of the country the carriages and luggage were being pulled by horses and camels that proved to be quite unsuitable and secondly in the excessive water logging in the mines made it difficult for workers to dig through.
In 1804 giant Cornish engineer Richard Trevithick created an engine that contained a burning hot firebox that was fed by coal and burned at a very high temperature. The heat turned the water into high-pressure steam. This high-pressure steam energy then passed through the machine using steam pipes steamed from the boiler caused the piston to move one way then the other. The piston was connected to a drive wheel and the movement of the piston made the wheel go a full circle. In 21st February, 1804 First steam locomotive railway using a locomotive called the Penydarren was built by Richard Trevithick . It was used for hauling iron from Merthyr Tydfil to Abercynon, Wales. The 1st train carried 10 tons of iron. On one occasion it successfully hauled 25 tons. On 16th April 1853, the first passenger train ran between Boribunder and Thane (34 kilometers) In1825 locomotion 1 was built by Robert Stephenson and his company. In 1821 locomotion 1 was the first public steam railway in the world, it ran from Darlington to Stockton carrying 450 passengers.
For the next few years George Stephenson turned into a very busy man, he had visitors from around the world who wanted to learn from him the trade of Railway and knowledge of train and this helped him to become the father of Railways.
To operate faster innovative maglev technology has come into use. The maglev technology uses magnets to levitate the train above the track reducing friction and allowing higher speeds that sounds magical.
When trains were first invented in 1804 people were worried about the speed of the train would make it impossible for passengers (people sitting in the train)to breathe .
The first train to be run on a railway was designed by Trevithick, this first locomotive ran on iron rails in 1804 from Penydarren to Abercynon but it had been left there to act as a stationary engine; his reason for this is often unknown, however, it has been suggested that he lost interest. Early trains ran on a plate track which was extensively utilized by wagons. it’d be said that technological development of ore was required for subsequent stages of the innovation to happen . Preceding this in 1830, the Liverpool to Manchester railway opened, using the Stephenson’ Rocket and was the first railway to believe steam only and so the funding for the road was depending on earnings from the carriage of passengers. In 1833 the great Western Railway was founded by Brunel and was seen together as one of the most effective Victorian innovations. In India, the most important route is Uttar Pradesh with 8726 km.
Ghum train station of the Darjeeling Himalayan Railway is the highest depot in India. Sikkim is the sole state which isn’t connected to a rail network. Maharajas Express is the most recent luxury train of Indian Railways and easily one of the foremost expensive in Asia. Gorakhpur train station in the state has the longest platform.
Longest train station in the world is Coracle Railway station in India it is 4483 feet long .
The world’s longest route without changing trains is one of 6346 miles which runs from Moscow to North Korea, the journey takes seven days 20 hrs and 25 min.
The oldest continuously working public Railway is Middleton Railway. It was founded in 1758. Now it is run by volunteers from Middleton Railway trust LTD.
Spain has the longest very high speed rail system in Europe.
Invention of trains helped many industries to grow and we have speed transportation through trains. We can reach some place in 3 days with camels or horses while with the train we can reach the same place within 7 to 8 hours.
In olden days (before train invention) there were so many dangers (like floods, lions, tiger attacking, etc.,) when going to far places and forests.
After the invention of trains there are no dangers.
By Routh Amulya