6 Different Types of Warehouse Storage Systems


The functionality and productivity of any warehouse depends solely on its storage system. It means storing the inventories in relevant boxes and at proper places to keep them well-organized. Even though warehouses have to deal with adding, removing, and organizing more than thousands of storage units per day, they do it effectively by adopting a relevant storage system.

Choosing a specific warehouse storage system depends on various factors such as space, budget, throughput, product types, and workforce. Moreover, the boxes used to store the inventories should be appropriately selected to avoid any spoilage. Hence, you can head to The Gaylord Box Exchange to get the best warehouse storage boxes. Besides, we have overviewed six different types of warehouse storage systems to help you choose a relevant one for your store.

  1. Static Shelving

In static shelving, the stocks are placed on shelves that are fixed to the floor, which means they cannot be retrieved via forklift. These shelves hold the stocks that are fairly lightweight and needs continuous replenishment. In terms of purchasing and installing, static shelving is inexpensive as compared to mobile shelving. But the expenses that come with labour work and maintenance of additional square footage can lead to higher costs over time.

Static shelving is ideal for easy and quick stock access where the inventory can be manually placed, picked, and organized. It could include clothing, machine parts, agricultural produce, or any other small and light products. Thus, there is no chance of storing or handling massive inventory in this system. Moreover, in static shelving, the items need to be handled with care and proper attention.

You have to consider the height of shelves, and the weight of items as higher shelves requires a ladder to access. Hence, you need to place the lighter items on top and the heavier ones at the bottom. There are two types of static shelving, namely short span shelving and long span shelving. The short span shelving is best suited for smaller stock items, whereas the long span shelving is ideal for bigger items used in spacious larger units

Mobile Shelving

The mobile shelving storage system can hold your large amount of inventory in less space. The items stored in mobile shelving can be handled either manually or mechanically, which makes it a flexible and adjustable system. The shelves or cabinets are mounted on rail systems and carriage, contrary to the fixed aisles used in static shelving. 

Thus, mobile shelving provides more productivity, gives easy access to the items, and handles large storage even in small space. The storage units are on a level track way where the track is either mounted on top or built into the floor. It is necessary to specify a particular system for arranging the tracks so that they remain stable without degrading the floor integrity. Moreover, a locking mechanism is applied in mobile shelving to secure the inventory when not in use. 

Wire Partitions

In the wire partitioning system, wire cages are installed strategically to create storage rooms for inventory, such as crucial tools or merchandise that requires special protection. The cages can be torn down easily once these items are picked. This type of partitioning is used in warehouses for either offering a separate space for the floor managers or to construct makeshift.

The wire-cages are constructed with heavy-gauge steel in a classic pattern that suits the warehouse interiors. These cages can be modified by expanding and reducing as per the space requirements, which makes it a suitable option for storing units temporarily.

Multi-tier Racking

The multi-tier racking system is suitable for medium to large size warehouses that have abundant vertical space. It is constructed with different tiers where the stock can be manually accessed to the maximum upper limit of warehouses. But you have to strategically organize each tier to store the units properly and create more space for other items. 

The best thing about a multi-tier racking system is its flexibility because it allows you to add or remove the tiers as per the storage requirements. At the same time, you have to adhere to the weighing limits and rack-height compliance guidelines to avoid any mishaps.

Mezzanine Flooring

In mezzanine flooring, two or more floors are created above the main warehouse floor for storing the inventories. These floors provide enough space for the staff to check, pick, and move the storage units. Mezzanine flooring is the most effective space-saving option for those who have a strategic warehouse layout. It is expensive in terms of creation and installation but can pay off well as you don’t have to pay the rent for extra storage space anywhere else.

The advancements in mezzanine flooring offers custom designs to different warehouses such as lighting, conveyors, suspended ceilings, fire-safety appliances, and lift-systems. Moreover, these designs can integrate with various storage situations and fit into any warehouse space. While opting for the design options, you have to consider the weight and fragility of your stock. The good part about mezzanine flooring is that you can dismantle and move it to your new storage location. 

Pallet Racking

As the name implies, a pallet racking system stores the inventories on pallet racks made of wood, plastic, or metal. This system is suitable for large and busiest warehouses and grocery stores that receive large storage boxes. These boxes are placed with the help of an automated mechanism or a forklift depending on the racks’ height. If you want to install pallet racking in your warehouse, you would need to consider various things such as the money you are willing to spend, the size of pallets, the height of the ceiling, and the warehouse size. 

There are various sub-categories in this system like drive-through racking, coil-racking, push-back racking, vertical racking, narrow aisle racking, pallet live racking, high-bay racking, etc. Many warehouse owners choose one of these sub-categories depending on the infrastructure, flexibility, and weight of storage units. It is also considered to be the most efficient and cheaper storage option as you can store various inventories in a framework that gives you easy access without holding any potential failures.


All of these storage systems offer varied benefits for different warehouses, and hence, you can choose any one of them as per your requirements.


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