Environmental Issue of Developing Countries

By: Marselia Putri Puspitasari

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The state is an organization that gets power from the community and has a certain territory. The definition of the state is an organization that functions to carry out the public interest in the jurisdiction that has been regulated by a state law and has been mutually agreed upon. Definition of the State according to Dr. Wirjono Prodjodikoro, SH., the state is an organization that is above a group or several groups of individuals who live in a certain area or territory together and recognizes the existence of a government whose job is to administer the order and safety of a group or several existing individual groups.

As we have learned long ago that countries are divided into developed and developing countries, this mention must be very familiar to our ears because it has been introduced since we were in high school and there has been a lot of discussion about what is a developed country and what is a developing country.

A developing country is a country with low levels of material well-being, an underdeveloped industrial sector, human development index scores tend to be at the lower middle level, and the country’s per capita income is still low. Until now there is no fixed definition of what is a developing country that is recognized internationally. The definition of a developing country according to experts is as follows, according to Maluyu S.P. Hasibuan “A developing country is one with an economic structure that is not as developed as expected,”Developing countries also have not been able to take advantage of all the factors of production they have to increase the prosperity of the population in the country so that poverty remains a lot.

Of course, developed and developing countries experience differences in environmental problems, usually in developed countries their environmental problems are lifestyles that are too luxurious, lives that are too extravagant, environmental pollution and global warming are also included in the environmental problems of developed countries. Developing countries themselves also have environmental problems such as for example environmental damage which is mostly caused by the country’s human resources.

The biggest contributor to environmental problems in developing countries is the human resource itself because the population in developing countries is very large and also widely distributed. And the population is the main cause of problems regarding the need for food and also land for living, so that many slums appear due to a lack of land for residence. With the rapid growth of population, their living needs also increase rapidly too.

Density of population without proper distribution is also a problem. Inadequate facilities and infrastructure are also a serious problem that the government must take seriously, for example children in villages still have difficulty being able to go to school because they are far away and it is difficult to find transportation but children in cities can easily going to school because there are many public transportations to be used to go to school.

But not all life in the city is pleasant, for example the children who go to school in their city have to deal with traffic jams which make them emotional if they leave not earlier than their school starts so get ready they will be late and get punished. Actually, a lot of public transportation is provided and it can reduce congestion on the road, but because many people think that taking their own vehicle is faster and more practical, it will cause traffic jams in the city.

Congestion that occurs is definitely the cause is overcrowding and another problem that can arise due to overcrowding is the depletion of natural resources, some people like to exploit natural resources without thinking about the consequences. Not all resources are renewable and if non-renewable natural resources are continuously exploited, then the next generation is threatened with not being able to enjoy these resources.

Another problem is the loss of forests and housing or large buildings will be built, if it continues like that it will cause the release of carbon into the earth so that it will result in changes in the earth’s temperature. The role of the forest is to absorb toxic carbon dioxide resulting from pollution and then it will be converted into oxygen that is inhaled by humans.

In every problem, of course, there is a solution, so to maximize developing countries with a fairly high population, governments must be able to increase their human resources so that they can become much better human resources by providing a lot of the training needed for the future, generalizing Education in all regions so that social disparities do not occur, and improve existing facilities and infrastructure so that in one and the same area.

By: Marselia Putri Puspitasari

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